Alfred B. Anderson



Materials, Physical Chemistry, Electrocatalysis, Interfacial Phenomena, Catalysis, Theoretical Chemistry


  • AB, Cornell University, 1964
  • PhD, Johns Hopkins University, 1970
  • Research Associate, Indiana University and Cornell University, 1971-74
  • J. Willard Gibbs Instructor, Yale University, 1975-77

Research Interests

The primary effort of the lab is the conceptual development for understanding the electrochemical interface.  He has, since 1998, been developing models based on self-consistent Gaussian and VASP quantum calculations for predicting reversible potentials (via a linear Gibbs energy relationship) and electrode potential-dependent activation energies for electron and proton transfer reactions at the electrochemical interface (via constrained variation theory for local reaction center models).  This effort supplants his prior work using his semiempirical non-self-consistant ASED molecular and band theory approach to getting rather approximate bond energies and electrode potential dependencies based on parametric shifts of the electrode valence band.  Recently, a self-consistent theory was developed in his lab by Dr. Ryosuke Jinnouchi, a visiting scientist from Toyota Central Research and Development in Japan.  It includes all aspects of the electrochemical interface, including surface charging, solvation by means of a dielectric continuum model, and  self-consistently determined double layer structure.  His group is using all three approaches, emphasizing fuel cell reactions to understand the effects of electrode composition, coverage, and potential as well as the solvation and the double layer structure on the formation of reaction intermediates. His work has led to the concept of effective reversible potential, which is changing the way scientists understand electrocatalysis and will help guide the discovery of more active catalysts

Selected Publications

  1. Meng Zhao and Alfred B. Anderson, Prediction pH Dependencies of Electrode Surface Reactions in Electrocatalysis, Electrochem. Communications 69, 64-67, (2016).
  2. Meng Zhao and Alfred B. Anderson, Predicting Reversible Potentials in Acid and Base from Self-Consistent Quantum Theory: H(ads) and OH(ads) Deposition on the Pt(111) Electrode, Phys Chem. Lett. 7, 711-714 (2016).
  3. Alfred B. Anderson and Meng Zhao, Reaction Energy for an Electrode Surface Atom Inserting into an R-H Bond and its Dependence on Electrode Potential: Application to Pt(111), J. Electrochem. Soc., 162, H583-H589 (2015).
  4. A. Asiri and A. B. Anderson, Mechanisms for Ethanol Electrooxidation on Pt(111) and Adsorption Bond Strengths Defining the Ideal Catalyst, J. Electrochem. Soc., 162 (1) F115-F122 (2015).
  5. A. B. Anderson and H. A. Asiri, Reversible Potentials for Steps in Methanol and Formic Acid Oxidation to CO2; Adsorption Energies of Intermediates on the Ideal Electrocatalyst for Methanol Oxidation and CO2 Reduction, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16, 10587-10599 (2014).
  6. J. Uddin and A. B. Anderson, Trends with coverage and pH in Stark tuning rates for CO on Pt(111) Electrodes, Electrochim. Acta 108, 398-403 (2013).
  7. H. A. Asiri and A. B. Anderson, Using Gibbs Energies to Calculate the Pt(111) Hupd Cyclic Voltammogram, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117, 17509-17513
  8. A. B. Anderson, R. Jinnouchi, and J. Uddin, Effective Reversible Potentials and Onset Potentials for O2 Electroreduction on Transition Metal Electrodes: Theoretical Analysis, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 41-48 (2013).
  9. A. B. Anderson, Insights into Electrocatalysis, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 1330-1338 (2012).
  10. A. B. Anderson, Volcano Plots and Effective Reversible Potentials for Oxygen Electroreduction Electrocatalysis 3, 176-182 (2012).
  11. F. Tian and A. B. Anderson, Effective Reversible Potentials, Energy Loss, and Overpotential on Platinum Fuel Cell Cathodes, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 7076-7088 (2011).

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Other Information

Education: PhD, Johns Hopkins University