Alfred B. Anderson



Materials, Physical Chemistry, Electrocatalysis, Interfacial Phenomena, Catalysis, Theoretical Chemistry


  • AB, Cornell University, 1964
  • PhD, Johns Hopkins University, 1970
  • Research Associate, Indiana University and Cornell University, 1971-74
  • J. Willard Gibbs Instructor, Yale University, 1975-77

Research Interests

The primary effort of the lab is the conceptual development for understanding the electrochemical interface.  He has, since 1998, been developing models based on self-consistent Gaussian and VASP quantum calculations for predicting reversible potentials (via a linear Gibbs energy relationship) and electrode potential-dependent activation energies for electron and proton transfer reactions at the electrochemical interface (via constrained variation theory for local reaction center models).  This effort supplants his prior work using his semiempirical non-self-consistant ASED molecular and band theory approach to getting rather approximate bond energies and electrode potential dependencies based on parametric shifts of the electrode valence band.  Recently, a self-consistent theory was developed in his lab by Dr. Ryosuke Jinnouchi, a visiting scientist from Toyota Central Research and Development in Japan.  It includes all aspects of the electrochemical interface, including surface charging, solvation by means of a dielectric continuum model, and  self-consistently determined double layer structure.  His group is using all three approaches, emphasizing fuel cell reactions to understand the effects of electrode composition, coverage, and potential as well as the solvation and the double layer structure on the formation of reaction intermediates. His work has led to the concept of effective reversible potential, which is changing the way scientists understand electrocatalysis and will help guide the discovery of more active catalysts

Recent presentation: Understanding Electrocatalysis (pdf), 43rd IUPAC World Chemistry Congress, San Juan Puerto Rico, July 31 – August 7, 2011.

Selected Publications

  1. A. B. Anderson, Insights into Electrocatalysis, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 1330-1338 (2012).
  2. F. Tian and A. B. Anderson, Effective Reversible Potentials, Energy Loss, and Overpotential on Platinum Fuel Cell Cathodes, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 4076-4088 (2011).
  3. K. A. Kurak and A. B. Anderson, Selenium: a Nonprecious Metal Cathode Catalyst for Oxygen Electroreduction, J. Electrochem. Soc. 157, B173-B179 (2010).
  4. A. B. Anderson, Theories for Predicting Reversible Potentials of Reactions on Electrode Surfaces from Internal and Gibbs Energies: Applications to ORR, ECS Transactions 28, 1-17 (2010).
  5. A. B. Anderson, J. Uddin, and R. Jinnouchi, Solvation and Zero-Point-Energy Effects on OH(ads) Reduction on Pt(111) Electrodes, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 14946-14952 (2010).
  6. K. A. Kurak and A. B. Anderson, Nitrogen-Treated Graphite and Oxygen Electroreduction on Pyridine Edge Sites, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 6730-6734 (2009).
  7. F. Tian, R. Jinnouchi, and A. B. Anderson, How Potentials of Zero Charge and Potentials for Water Oxidation to OH(ads) on Pt(111) Electrodes Vary With Coverage, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 17484-17492 (2009).
  8. T. Zhang and A. B. Anderson, Parameter Dependence in the Local Reaction Center Model for the Electrochemical Interface, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 3197-3202 (2009).
  9. F. Tian and A. B. Anderson, Theoretical Study of Early Steps in Corrosion of Pt and Pt/Co Alloy Electrodes, J. Phys. Chem. C, 112, 18566-18571 (2008).
  10. R. Jinnouchi and A. B. Anderson, Aqueous and Surface Redox Potentials from Self-Consistently Determined Gibbs Energies, J. Phys Chem. C, 112, 8747-8750 (2008).
  11. V. Chakrapani, C. Pendyala, K. Kash, A. B. Anderson, M. K. Sunkara, and J. C. Angus, Electrochemical Pinning of the Fermi Level: Mediation of Photoluminescence from Gallium Nitride and Zinc Oxide, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 12944–12952 (2008).
  12. R. Jinnouchi and A. B. Anderson, Electronic Structure Calculations of Liquid-Solid Interfaces: a Combination of Density Functional Theory and Modified Poisson-Boltzmann Theory, Phys. Rev. B77, 2454170-24541718 (2008).
  13. T. Zhang and A. B. Anderson, Oxygen Reduction on Platinum Electrodes in Base: Theoretical Study, Electrochim. Acta 52, 982-989 (2007).
  14. E. Vayner, R. A. Sidik, A. B. Anderson, B. N. Popov, Experimental and Theoretical Study of Cobalt Selenide as a Catalyst for O2 Electroreduction, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2007, 111, 10508-10513.

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